MPS Conference on Arithmetic Geometry, Group Actions and Rationality Problems

Date & Time


Location

Gerald D. Fischbach Auditorium
160 5th Ave
New York, NY 10010 United States

View Map

Wed..: 8:30 AM—5 PM
Thurs.: 8:30 AM—5 PM
Fri.: 8:30 AM—2 PM

Deadline to Register

Friday April 26, 2024

Invitation Only

Organizers:
Brendan Hassett, Brown University
Ludmil Katzarkov, University of Miami
Tony Pantev, University of Pennsylvania

Meeting Goals:
This conference will promote interactions among Arithmetic Geometry (rational points, their asymptotics and density), Rational Curves (holomorphic symplectic varieties and rationally connected varieties), and Rationality Problems (over various fields, equivariant analogs, and associated invariants). The organizers seek to promote mixing of ideas and sharing of techniques across these specialties.

  • Agendaplus--large

    Wednesday, May 29

    8:30 AMCHECK-IN & BREAKFAST
    9:30 AMMaxim Kontsevich | Atoms from GW Invariants and New Non-Rationality Results
    10:30 AMBREAK
    11:00 AMArend Bayer | TBA Non-Commutative Abelian Surfaces and Generalised Kummer Varieties
    12:00 PMLUNCH
    1:00 PMWill Sawin | TBA Reconstruction of Unitary Local Systems from their Pushforwards
    2:00 PMBREAK
    2:30 PMJulia Hartmann | TBA Local-Global Principles for Tori Over Arithmetic Function Fields
    3:30 PMBREAK
    4:00 PMBjorn Poonen | TBA Integral Points on Curves via Baker's Method and Finite Étale Covers
    5:00 PMCOCKTAIL RECEPTION
    5:00-6:30 PMDAY ONE CONCLUDES

    Thursday, May 30

    8:30 AMCHECK-IN & BREAKFAST
    9:30 AMAkshay Venkatesh | TBA
    10:30 AMBREAK
    11:00 AMUlrich Derenthal | TBA Counting Rational and Integral Points on Del Pezzo Surfaces
    12:00 PMLUNCH
    1:00 PMLjudmila Kamenova | TBA Entire Curves on Holomorphic Symplectic Varieties
    2:00 PMBREAK
    2:30 PMAntoine Chambert-Loir | TBA Potential and Rationality
    3:30 PMBREAK
    4:00 PMSho Tanimoto | TBA Campana Rationally Connectedness and Weak Approximation
    5:00 PMDAY TWO CONCLUDES

    Friday, May 31

    8:30 AMCHECK-IN & BREAKFAST
    9:30 AMPavel Etinghof | TBA Periodic Pencils of Flat Connections and their P-Curvature
    10:30 AMBREAK
    11:00 AMRamin Takloo-Bighash | TBA Rational Points and Automorphic Forms
    12:00 PMLUNCH
    1:00 PMEmmanuel Ullmo | TBA Bi-\Overline{Q}-Structure on Hermitian Symmetric Spaces and Quadratic Relations between CM Periods
    2:00 PMMEETING CONCLUDES
  • Abstractsplus--large

    Arend Bayer
    University of Edinburgh

    Non-Commutative Abelian Surfaces and Generalized Kummer Varieties

    Polarized abelian surfaces vary in three-dimensional families. In contrast, the derived category of an abelian surface A has a six-dimensional space of deformations; moreover, based on general principles, one should expect to get “algebraic families” of their categories over four-dimensional bases. Generalized Kummer varieties (GKV) are hyperkähler varieties arising from moduli spaces of stable sheaves on abelian surfaces. Polarizd GKVs have four-dimensional moduli spaces yet arise from moduli spaces of stable sheaves on abelian surfaces only over three-dimensional subvarieties.

    Arend Bayer will present a construction that addresses both issues: four-dimensional families of categories that are deformations of D^b(A) over an algebraic space. Moreover, each category admits a Bridgeland stability conditions, and from the associated moduli spaces of stable objects, one can obtain every general polarizd GKV, for every possible polariztion type of GKVs. Our categories are obtained from Z/2-actions on derived categories of K3 surfaces. This is based on joint work with Laura Pertusi, Alex Perry and Xiaolei Zhao.

    Antoine Chambert-Loir
    Université Paris Cité

    Potential and Rationality

    An 1893 theorem by Émile Borel asserts that the power series with integral coefficients that define a meromorphic function on a disk of radius > 1 is the Taylor expansion of a rational function. It has been extended in various directions (Pólya, Dwork, Bertrandias and Robinson) to encompass more complicated shapes than open disks, number fields and several absolute values. We will extend to algebraic curves of arbitrary genus the theorem of Cantor that considers Taylor expansions “at several points.” Our proof runs in two steps. The first step is an algebraicity criterion, which is proved using a method of diophantine approximation. The second step relies on the Hodge index theorem in Arakelov geometry, following an earlier work by Bost and the first author.

    This is joint work with Camille Noûs.

    Ulrich Derenthal
    Hannover University

    Counting Rational and Integral Points on Del Pezzo Surfaces

    Fano varieties over number fields often contain infinitely many rational points. Their distribution is predicted precisely by Manin’s conjecture, which was refined, generalized and proved in many cases by Yuri Tschinkel and others. This talk will focus on Manin’s conjecture and its generalization to integral points in the case of del Pezzo surfaces.

    Pavel Etingof
    MIT

    Periodic Pencils of Flat Connections and their P-Curvature

    A periodic pencil of flat connections on a smooth algebraic variety $X$ is a linear family of flat connections $\nabla(s_1,…,s_n)=d-\sum_{i=1}^r\sum_{j=1}^ns_jB_{ij}dx_i$, where $\lbrace x_i\rbrace$ are local coordinates on $X$ and $B_{ij}: X\to {\rm Mat}_N$ are matrix-valued regular functions. A pencil is periodic if it is generically invariant under the shifts $s_j\mapsto s_j+1$ up to isomorphism.

    Pavel Etingof will explain that periodic pencils have many remarkable properties, and there are many interesting examples of them, e.g., Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov, Dunkl, Casimir connections and equivariant quantum connections for conical symplectic resolutions with finitely many torus fixed points. Etingof will also explain that in characteristic $p$, the $p$-curvature operators $\lbrace C_i,1\le i\le r\rbrace$ of a periodic pencil $\nabla$ are isospectral to the commuting endomorphisms $C_i^*:=\sum_{j=1}^n (s_j-s_j^p)B_{ij}^{(1)}$, where $B_{ij}^{(1)}$ is the Frobenius twist of $B_{ij}$. This allows us to compute the eigenvalues of the $p$-curvature for the above examples, and also to show that a periodic pencil of connections always has regular singularites. This is joint work with Alexander Varchenko.

    Julia Hartmann
    University of Pennsylvania

    Local-Global Principles for Tori Over Arithmetic Function Fields

    Given a field $F$ and a collection of overfields $F_i$ ($I\in I$), we say that the local global principle holds for an $F$-variety $Z$ if the existence of a rational point over each $F_i$ implies the existence of an $F$-rational point.

    In this talk, Julia Hartmann will study this question when $F$ is a semi-global field, i.e., the function field of a curve $X$ over a complete discretely valued field, and $Z$ is a principal homogeneous space under a torus. It is known that a local-global principle need not hold in general in this case. We study the obstruction set using R-equivalence classes and give conditions for when the local-global principle holds.

    This is recent joint work with J.L. Colliot-Thélèlne, D. Harbater, D. Krashen, R. Parimala and V. Suresh.

    Ljudmila Kamenova
    Stony Brook University

    Entire Curves on Holomorphic Symplectic Varieties

    Any holomorphic symplectic manifold contains entire curves as shown by Verbitsky using ergodicity, i.e., holomorphic symplectic manifolds are non-hyperbolic. More generally, together with S. Lu and Verbitsky (and later with C. Lehn), we have established the Kobayashi conjectures in cases of Lagrangian fibrations.

    In this talk, Ljudmila Kamenova will explore generalizations of these results to primitive symplectic varieties. Together with C. Lehn, we prove that if a primitive symplectic variety with second Betti number $b_2 \geq 5$ satisfies the rational SYZ conjecture, then it is hon-hyperbolic, and if $b_2 \geq 7$, then the Kobayashi pseudometric vanishes identically. This applies to all known examples of holomorphic symplectic manifolds. For Lagrangian fibrations with no multiple fibers in codimension one, we also have holomorphic dominability results with S. Lu, that imply the existence of a Zariski dense entire curve on a holomorphic symplectic manifold admitting such a Lagrangian fibration.

    Maxim Kontsevich
    IHES

    Atoms From GW Invariants and New Non-Rationality Results

    In this talk, Maxim Kontsevich will describe applications of theory of Gromov-Witten invariants to questions of rationality. Atoms are defined in a somewhat abstract way, using eigenvalues of the operator of quantum multiplication by Euler vector field, and the blow-up formula proven by H.Iritani last year. “Bad” atoms for a given variety can be used to establish its non-rationality. I’ll explain how to work with atoms in several examples, using only the minimal information about GW invariants. The theory is especially powerful in low dimensions (3 and 4), and for non-algebraically closed fields.

    This is based on a recent work in progress with L.Katzarkov, T.Pantev and T.Yu.

    Bjorn Poonen
    MIT

    Integral Points on Curves via Baker’s Method and Finite Étale Covers

    Bjorn Poonen will prove that for each g at least 2, there is no universal construction combining Baker’s method with finite étale covers to determine the integral points on all affine curves of genus g. This is joint work with Aaron Landesman.

    Will Sawin
    Princeton University

    Reconstruction of Unitary Local Systems from Their Pushforwards

    One method to construct local systems on the moduli space M_{g,n} of genus g curves with n marked points is as derived pushforwards from (ideally, simpler) local systems on M_{g,n+1}. Given the pushforward (say, as a variation of Hodge structures), can we recover the original local system?

    In joint work with Daniel Litt and Aaron Landesman, Will Sawin will give a positive answer to this question under the conditions that (1) the monodromy of the original local system is unitary and (2) g is sufficiently large. This has applications to computing the monodromy of such pushforwards.

    Ramin Takloo-Bighash
    University of Illinois at Chicago

    Rational Points and Automorphic Forms

    In this talk, Ramin Takloo-Bighash will survey some old and new results on the distribution of rational and (semi) integral points on compactifications of algebraic groups using spectral methods.

    The results explained in the talk are joint with Dylon Chow, Arda Demirhan, Daniel Loughran, Joseph Shalika, Sho Tanimoto and Yuri Tschinkel.

    Sho Tanimoto
    Nagoya University

    Campana rationally connectedness and weak approximation

    Campana and Abramovich introduced the notion of Campana points which interpolate between rational points and integral points. Recently there are extensive activities on arithmetic geometry of Campana points and many conjectures have been proposed. In this talk we discuss Campana curves/sections in the geometric setting. We conjecture that any Fano orbifold is Campana rationally connected. Campana conjectured that any klt Fano orbifold is Campana rationally connected. Assuming this conjecture, we prove that weak approximation at good places holds in the setting of Campana sections. This is a conjectural generalization of a theorem by Hassett and Tschinkel. Key tools to this theorem are log geometry and the notion of moduli stack of stable log maps. Finally we verify our conjecture for certain classes of orbifolds. This is work in progress which is joint with Qile Chen and Brian Lehmann.

    Emmanuel Ullmo
    Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques

    Bi-\Overline{Q}-Structure on Hermitian Symmetric Spaces and Quadratic Relations between CM Periods

    Emmanuel Ullmo will define a natural bi-\overline{Q}-structure on the tangent space at a CM point on a Hermitian locally symmetric domain. We prove that this bi-\overline{Q}-structure decomposes into the direct sum of 1-dimensional bi-\overline{Q}-subspaces, and make this decomposition explicit for the moduli space of abelian varieties A_g. Ullmo will propose an analytic subspace conjecture, which is the analogue of the Wüstholz’s analytic subgroup theorem in this context. Ullmo will show that this conjecture, applied to A_g, implies that all quadratic Q-relations among the holomorphic periods of CM abelian varieties arise from elementary ones. Ullmo will illustrate the theory by the study of quadratic relations between CM periods of CM abelian varieties of anti-Weyl type.

    This is joint work with Z. Gao and A. Yafaev.

    Akshay Venkatesh
    Institute for Advanced Study

    TBC

  • Participation & Fundingplus--large

    Participation in the meeting falls into the following four categories. An individual’s participation category is communicated via their letter of invitation.

    Group A – PIs and Speakers
    The foundation will arrange and pay for all air and train travel to the conference as well as hotel accommodations and reimbursement of local expenses. Business-class or premium economy airfare will be booked for all flights over five hours.

    Group B – Funded Participants
    The foundation will arrange and pay for all air and train travel to the conference as well as hotel accommodations and reimbursement of local expenses. Economy-class airfare will be booked for all flights.

    Group C – Unfunded Participants
    Individuals in Group C will not receive funding to attend the meeting. Group C participants may take part in all conference-hosted meals at no additional cost.

    Group D – Remote Participants
    Individuals in Group D will participate in the meeting remotely. Please register at the link above and a remote participation link will be sent to you approximately two weeks prior to the meeting.

  • Travel & Hotelplus--large

    Air and Rail
    For individuals in Groups A and B the foundation will arrange and pay for round-trip travel from their home city to the conference.

    All travel and hotel arrangements must be booked through the Simons Foundation’s preferred travel agency.

    Travel specifications, including preferred airline, will be accommodated provided that these specifications are reasonable and within budget.

    Travel arrangements not booked through the preferred agency, including triangle trips and routing/preferred airlines outside budget, must be pre-approved by the Simons Foundation and a reimbursement quote must be obtained through the foundation’s travel agency.

    Personal & Rental Cars
    Personal car and rental trips over 250 miles each way require prior approval from the Simons Foundation via email.

    Rental cars must be pre-approved by the Simons Foundation.

    The James NoMad Hotel offers valet parking. Please note there are no in-and-out privileges when using the hotel’s garage, therefore it is encouraged that participants walk or take public transportation to the Simons Foundation.

    Hotel
    Participants in Groups A & B who require accommodations are hosted by the foundation for a maximum of four nights at The James NoMad Hotel. Any additional nights are at the attendee’s own expense. To arrange accommodations, please register at the link above.

    The James NoMad Hotel
    22 E 29th St
    New York, NY 10016
    (between 28th and 29th Streets)
    https://www.jameshotels.com/new-york-nomad/

    For driving directions to The James NoMad, please click here.

  • Reimbursementplus--large

    Overview
    Individuals in Groups A & B will be reimbursed for meals and local expenses including ground transportation. Expenses should be submitted through the foundation’s online expense reimbursement platform after the meeting’s conclusion.

    Expenses accrued as a result of meetings not directly related to the Simons Foundation-hosted meeting (a satellite collaboration meeting held at another institution, for example) will not be reimbursed by the Simons Foundation and should be paid by other sources.

    Below are key reimbursement takeaways; a full policy will be provided with the final logistics email circulated approximately 2 weeks prior to the meeting’s start.

    Meals
    The daily meal limit is $125 and itemized receipts are required for expenses over $24 USD. The foundation DOES NOT provide a meal per diem and only reimburses actual meal expenses.

    • Meals taken on travel days are reimbursable.
    • Meals taken outside those provided by the foundation (breakfast, lunch, breaks and/or dinner) are not reimbursable.
    • If a meal was not provided on a meeting day, dinner for example, that expense is reimbursable.
    • Meals taken on days not associated with Simons Foundation-coordinated events are not reimbursable.
    • Minibar expenses are not reimbursable
    • Meal expenses for a non-foundation guest are not reimbursable.

    Group meals consisting of fellow meeting participants paid by a single person will be reimbursed up to $65 per person per meal and the amount will count towards each individual’s $125 daily meal limit.

    Ground Transportation
    Expenses for ground transportation will be reimbursed for travel days (i.e. traveling to/from the airport) as well as local transportation. While in NYC, individuals are encouraged to use public transportation and not use taxi, Uber or Lyft services.

  • Attendance & Building Protocolsplus--large

    Attendance
    In-person participants and speakers are expected to attend all meeting days. Participants receiving hotel and travel support wishing to arrive on meeting days which conclude at 2:00 PM will be asked to attend remotely.

    COVID-19 Vaccination
    Individuals accessing Simons Foundation and Flatiron Institute buildings must be fully vaccinated against COVID-19.

    Entry & Building Access
    Upon arrival, guests will be required to show their photo ID to enter the Simons Foundation and Flatiron Institute buildings. After checking-in at the meeting reception desk, guests will be able to show their meeting name badge to re-enter the building. If you forget your name badge, you will need to provide your photo ID.

    The Simons Foundation and Flatiron Institute buildings are not considered “open campuses” and meeting participants will only have access to the spaces in which the meeting will take place. All other areas are off limits without prior approval.

    If you require a private space to conduct a phone call or remote meeting, please contact your meeting manager at least 48-hours ahead of time so that they may book a space for you within the foundation’s room reservation system.

    Guests & Children
    Meeting participants are required to give 24 hour advance notice of any guests meeting them at the Simons Foundation either before or after the meeting. Outside guests are discouraged from joining meeting activities, including meals.

    With the exception of Simons Foundation and Flatiron Institute staff, ad hoc meeting participants who did not receive a meeting invitation directly from the Simons Foundation are not permitted.

    Children under the age of 18 are not permitted to attend meetings at the Simons Foundation. Furthermore, the Simons Foundation does not provide childcare facilities or support of any kind. Special accommodations will be made for nursing parents.

  • Contactsplus--large

    Registration and Travel Assistance
    Ovation Travel Group
    [email protected]
    (917) 408-8384 (24-Hours)
    www.ovationtravel.com

    Meeting Questions and Assistance
    Meghan Fazzi
    Manager, Events and Administration, MPS, Simons Foundation
    [email protected]
    (212) 524-6080

Subscribe to MPS announcements and other foundation updates