Mathematics and Physical Sciences lectures are open to the public and are held at the Gerald D. Fischbach Auditorium at the Simons Foundation headquarters in New York City. Tea is served prior to each lecture.
The cosmic microwave background (CMB) has spectacularly advanced our understanding of the origin, composition and evolution of our universe. Yet there is still much to mine from this, the oldest light in the universe. Powerful telescopes are plying the skies in a quest to discover new physics. This talk concentrates on measurements by the POLARBEAR telescope, which pave the way for the upcoming Simons Array.
Dr. Keating will give an overview of an exhilarating branch of astrophysics: the search for the polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). He will explain how the CMB can constrain phenomena such as primordial magnetism, elementary particle masses and even the origin of the universe itself. Further phenomena, such as tantalizing bounds on parity-violating Chern–Simons cosmic birefringence — the rotation of the polarization plane of cosmic photons — will be discussed. He will describe early attempts to measure cosmic birefringence using distant galaxies as well as state-of the-art measurements made by POLARBEAR. Keating will close by previewing the upcoming Simons Array.