Christopher G. Tully, Ph.D. Princeton University
The Princeton Tritium Observatory for Light, Early-universe, Massive-neutrino Yield, called PTOLEMY after the second-century astronomer and mathematician, will be the first instrument built with the goal of direct detection and measurement of the present-day relic neutrino density. Relic neutrinos are a fundamental element of Big Bang cosmology with their ubiquitous presence throughout all cosmological epochs leaving indirect signatures at every step in present-day observables. PTOLEMY leverages the unique tritium handling capabilities of the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in collaboration with the expertise at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to construct the highest capacity, largest surface area, single atomic layer tritium cell ever made. PTOLEMY involves the parallel development of several key technologies, from large-scale nano-fabrication of a graphene tritium cell to massively multiplexed SQUID readout of ultrahigh precision micro-calorimetry developed by collaborators at NASA Goddard (GSFC) and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). In combination with the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB), large-scale structure correlations from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), and future data from the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), the data from PTOLEMY will fundamentally deepen the precision and reach of cosmological investigation.