Mallat received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Pennsylvania in 1988. He was then a professor at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences until 1994. In 1995, he became a professor in applied mathematics at Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, and department chair in 2001. From 2001 to 2007 he was co-founder and CEO of a semiconductor start-up company. From 2012 to 2017 he was professor in the computer science department of Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris. He has held the data sciences chair at the Collège de France since 2017.
Mallat’s research interests include machine learning, signal processing and harmonic analysis. He is a member of the French Academy of Sciences, a foreign member of the US National Academy of Engineering, an IEEE Fellow and an EUSIPCO Fellow. In 1997, he received the Outstanding Achievement Award from the SPIE Society. He was a plenary lecturer at the International Congress of Mathematicians in 1998. He also received the 2004 European IST Grand prize, the 2004 INIST-CNRS prize for the most-cited French researcher in engineering and computer science, the 2007 EADS grand prize of the French Academy of Sciences, the 2013 Medal of Innovation of the CNRS, and the 2014 IEEE Signal Sustained Impact Paper Award.